Monday, 26 June 2017

How to create CDS view which supports navigation in OData service Part 5

Continues Part 4 How does annotation @OData.publish work

So far we have a working CDS view ready for us to create a UI5 application on top of it via Smart Template in WebIDE within just a couple of minutes. Once done, the UI5 application will display the data from our CDS view like below.

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

How is navigation implemented among CDS views
In this part, let’s create CDS view which supports node navigation in OData service. The previous CDS view we created has a flat structure which only have a root node. Now let’s create a series of CDS views:

1. A CDS view which contains two fields: spfli.connid and spfli.carrid. This view acts as the root node of the corresponding OData service model from semantic point of view. This view can support navigation from itself to the defined children node.

2. A CDS view which acts as the navigation target from previously defined “root” view. Besides the two fields from sflight.connid and sflight.carrid which correspond to the root view, it has additional new field sflight.fldate.

OData navigation means suppose currently I am in the context of spfli.connid = 0001 and spfli.carrid ( data record with yellow ), and through navigation I can get all its dependent data in red color. We will see how this navigation would be performed later.

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

3. A CDS view which exposes the two fields connid and carrid from root view and the associated data  from child view.

This view is called “consumption” view and used to published as OData service.

Source code of view #1:

@AbapCatalog.sqlViewName: 'zspfliroot'
@AbapCatalog.compiler.compareFilter: true
@AccessControl.authorizationCheck: #CHECK
@EndUserText.label: 'root view'
define view Zspfli_Root as  select from spfli
association [0..*] to Zsflight_Child as _Item on $projection.carrid = _Item.carrid
                                       and $projection.connid = _Item.connid
{
  key spfli.connid,
  key spfli.carrid,
  @ObjectModel.association.type: #TO_COMPOSITION_CHILD
  _Item
}

Source code of view #2:

@AbapCatalog.sqlViewName: 'zsflightchild'
@AbapCatalog.compiler.compareFilter: true
@AccessControl.authorizationCheck: #CHECK
@EndUserText.label: 'child_view'
define view Zsflight_Child as select from sflight
association [1..1] to zspfli_root as _root
on $projection.connid = _root.connid
and $projection.carrid = _root.carrid
{
   key sflight.carrid,
   key sflight.connid,
   key sflight.fldate,
   @ObjectModel.association.type: [#TO_COMPOSITION_ROOT, #TO_COMPOSITION_PARENT]
   _root
}

Source code of view #3:

@AbapCatalog.sqlViewName: 'zflight_c'
@AbapCatalog.compiler.compareFilter: true
@AccessControl.authorizationCheck: #CHECK
@EndUserText.label: 'flight consumption view'
@OData.publish: true
@ObjectModel: {
   type: #CONSUMPTION,
   compositionRoot,
   createEnabled,
   deleteEnabled,
   updateEnabled
}
define view Zflight_Com as select from Zspfli_Root {
  key Zspfli_Root.carrid,
  key Zspfli_Root.connid,
  @ObjectModel.association.type: [#TO_COMPOSITION_CHILD]
  Zspfli_Root._Item
}

Activate all of these three CDS views. Since the third consumption view has annotation @OData.publish: true, once activated there will be an OData service automatically generated:

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

How to test navigation

First check the response from OData metadata request via url /sap/opu/odata/sap/ZFLIGHT_COM_CDS/$metadata in gateway client.

You should find two AssociationSets generated based on corresponding annotation in CDS views.

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

The entityset Zflight_Com has type Zflight_ComType, which has the navigation Property “to_Item”. Now we can test the navigation.

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

First we get the root node’s content via url: /sap/opu/odata/sap/ZFLIGHT_COM_CDS/Zflight_Com(connid=’0400′,carrid=’LH’) .

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

And in the response, we are told that the correct url for navigation from current node to its child node is just to append the navigation property defined in metadata, toItem, to the end of url, that is, /sap/opu/odata/sap/ZFLIGHT_COM_CDS/Zflight_Com(connid=’0400′,carrid=’LH’)/to_Item .

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

How the navigation is implemented in ABAP side

Set the breakpoint in the method below and re-trigger the navigation operation.

Check the generated SQL statement in variable statement in line 27.

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

SELECT "Zsflight_Child"."CARRID" AS "CARRID", "Zsflight_Child"."CONNID" AS "CONNID", "Zsflight_Child"."FLDATE" AS "FLDATE" FROM "ZSFLIGHTCHILD" AS "Zsflight_Child"
WHERE "Zsflight_Child"."CARRID" = ? AND "Zsflight_Child"."CONNID" = ? AND "Zsflight_Child"."MANDT" = '001' WITH PARAMETERS( 'LOCALE' = 'CASE_INSENSITIVE' )

The value for two placeholders ( ? ) are stored in me->parameters->param_tab:

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

And check response in et_flag_data:

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

SAP ABAP CDS, SAP ABAP Tutorials and Materials

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